vmauth

vmauth is an HTTP proxy, which can authorize, route and load balance requests across VictoriaMetrics components or any other HTTP backends.

Quick start#

Just download vmutils-* archive from releases page, unpack it and pass the following flag to vmauth binary in order to start authorizing and proxying requests:

/path/to/vmauth -auth.config=/path/to/auth/config.yml

The -auth.config command-line flag must point to valid config. See use cases with typical -auth.config examples.

vmauth accepts HTTP requests on port 8427 and proxies them according to the provided -auth.config. The port can be modified via -httpListenAddr command-line flag.

See how to reload config without restart.

Docker images for vmauth are available here. See how vmauth used in docker-compose env.

Pass -help to vmauth in order to see all the supported command-line flags with their descriptions.

Feel free contacting us if you need customized auth proxy for VictoriaMetrics with the support of LDAP, SSO, RBAC, SAML, accounting and rate limiting such as vmgateway.

Use cases#

Simple HTTP proxy#

The following -auth.config instructs vmauth to proxy all the incoming requests to the given backend. For example, requests to http://vmauth:8427/foo/bar are proxied to http://backend/foo/bar:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix: "http://backend/"

vmauth can balance load among multiple backends - see these docs for details.

See also authorization and routing docs.

Generic HTTP proxy for different backends#

vmauth can proxy requests to different backends depending on the requested path, query args and any HTTP request header.

For example, the following -auth.config instructs vmauth to make the following:

  • Requests starting with /app1/ are proxied to http://app1-backend/, while the /app1/ path prefix is dropped according to drop_src_path_prefix_parts. For example, the request to http://vmauth:8427/app1/foo/bar?baz=qwe is proxied to http://app1-backend/foo/bar?baz=qwe.
  • Requests starting with /app2/ are proxied to http://app2-backend/, while the /app2/ path prefix is dropped according to drop_src_path_prefix_parts. For example, the request to http://vmauth:8427/app2/index.html is proxied to http://app2-backend/index.html.
  • Other requests are proxied to http://some-backend/404-page.html, while the requested path is passed via request_path query arg. For example, the request to http://vmauth:8427/foo/bar?baz=qwe is proxied to http://some-backend/404-page.html?request_path=%2Ffoo%2Fbar%3Fbaz%3Dqwe.
unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/app1/.*"
    drop_src_path_prefix_parts: 1
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"
  - src_paths:
    - "/app2/.*"
    drop_src_path_prefix_parts: 1
    url_prefix: "http://app2-backend/"
  default_url: http://some-backend/404-page.html

See routing docs for details.

See also authorization and load balancing docs.

Generic HTTP load balancer#

vmauth can balance load among multiple HTTP backends in least-loaded round-robin mode. For example, the following -auth.config instructs vmauth to spread load among multiple application instances:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix:
  - "http://app-instance-1/"
  - "http://app-instance-2/"
  - "http://app-instance-3/"

See load balancing docs for more details.

See also authorization and routing docs.

Load balancer for vmagent#

If vmagent is used for processing data push requests, then it is possible to scale the performance of data processing at vmagent by spreading load among multiple identically configured vmagent instances. This can be done with the following config for vmauth:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/prometheus/api/v1/write"
    - "/influx/write"
    - "/api/v1/import"
    - "/api/v1/import/.+"
    url_prefix:
    - "http://vmagent-1:8429/"
    - "http://vmagent-2:8429/"
    - "http://vmagent-3:8429/"

See load balancing docs for more details.

See also authorization and routing docs.

Load balancer for VictoriaMetrics cluster#

VictoriaMetrics cluster accepts incoming data via vminsert nodes and processes incoming requests via vmselect nodes according to these docs. vmauth can be used for balancing both insert and select requests among vminsert and vmselect nodes, when the following -auth.config is used:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/insert/.+"
    url_prefix:
    - "http://vminsert-1:8480/"
    - "http://vminsert-2:8480/"
    - "http://vminsert-3:8480/"
  - src_paths:
    - "/select/.+"
    url_prefix:
    - "http://vmselect-1:8481/"
    - "http://vmselect-2:8481/"

See load balancing docs for more details.

See also authorization and routing docs.

High availability#

vmauth automatically switches from temporarily unavailable backend to other hot standby backends listed in url_prefix if it runs with -loadBalancingPolicy=first_available command-line flag. The load balancing policy can be overridden at user and url_map sections of -auth.config via load_balancing_policy option. For example, the following config instructs vmauth to proxy requests to http://victoria-metrics-main:8428/ backend. If this backend becomes unavailable, then vmauth starts proxying requests to http://victoria-metrics-standby1:8428/. If this backend becomes also unavailable, then requests are proxied to the last specified backend - http://victoria-metrics-standby2:8428/:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix:
  - "http://victoria-metrics-main:8428/"
  - "http://victoria-metrics-standby1:8428/"
  - "http://victoria-metrics-standby2:8428/"
  load_balancing_policy: first_available

See load-balancing docs for more details.

See also authorization and routing docs.

TLS termination proxy#

vmauth can terminate HTTPS requests to backend services when it runs with the following command-line flags:

/path/to/vmauth -tls -tlsKeyFile=/path/to/tls_key_file -tlsCertFile=/path/to/tls_cert_file -httpListenAddr=0.0.0.0:443
  • -httpListenAddr sets the address to listen for incoming HTTPS requests
  • -tls enables accepting TLS connections at -httpListenAddr
  • -tlsKeyFile sets the path to TLS certificate key file
  • -tlsCertFile sets the path to TLS certificate file

See also automatic issuing of TLS certificates.

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

Basic Auth proxy#

vmauth can authorize access to backends depending on the provided Basic Auth request headers. For example, the following config proxies requests to single-node VictoriaMetrics if they contain Basic Auth header with the given username and password:

users:
- username: foo
  password: bar
  url_prefix: "http://victoria-metrics:8428/"

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

Bearer Token auth proxy#

vmauth can authorize access to backends depending on the provided Bearer Token request headers. For example, the following config proxies requests to single-node VictoriaMetrics if they contain the given bearer_token:

users:
- bearer_token: ABCDEF
  url_prefix: "http://victoria-metrics:8428/"

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

Per-tenant authorization#

The following -auth.config instructs proxying insert and select requests from the Basic Auth user tenant1 to the tenant 1, while requests from the user tenant2 are sent to tenant 2:

users:
- username: tenant1
  password: "***"
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/api/v1/write"
    url_prefix: "http://vminsert-backend:8480/insert/1/prometheus/"
  - src_paths:
    - "/api/v1/query"
    - "/api/v1/query_range"
    - "/api/v1/series"
    - "/api/v1/labels"
    - "/api/v1/label/.+/values"
    url_prefix: "http://vmselect-backend:8481/select/1/prometheus/"
- username: tenant2
  password: "***"
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/api/v1/write"
    url_prefix: "http://vminsert-backend:8480/insert/2/prometheus/"
  - src_paths:
    - "/api/v1/query"
    - "/api/v1/query_range"
    - "/api/v1/series"
    - "/api/v1/labels"
    - "/api/v1/label/.+/values"
    url_prefix: "http://vmselect-backend:8481/select/2/prometheus/"

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

mTLS-based request routing#

Enterprise version of vmauth can be configured for routing requests to different backends depending on the following subject fields in the TLS certificate provided by client:

  • organizational_unit aka OU
  • organization aka O
  • common_name aka CN

For example, the following -auth.config routes requests from clients with organizational_unit: finance TLS certificates to http://victoriametrics-finance:8428 backend, while requests from clients with organizational_unit: devops TLS certificates are routed to http://victoriametrics-devops:8428 backend:

users:
- mtls:
    organizational_unit: finance
  url_prefix: "http://victoriametrics-finance:8428"
- mtls:
    organizational_unit: devops
  url_prefix: "http://victoriametrics-devops:8428"

mTLS protection must be enabled for mTLS-based routing.

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

Enforcing query args#

vmauth can be configured for adding some mandatory query args before proxying requests to backends. For example, the following config adds extra_label to all the requests, which are proxied to single-node VictoriaMetrics:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix: "http://victoria-metrics:8428/?extra_label=foo=bar"

See also authorization, routing and load balancing docs.

Dropping request path prefix#

By default vmauth doesn’t drop the path prefix from the original request when proxying the request to the matching backend. Sometimes it is needed to drop path prefix before proxying the request to the backend. This can be done by specifying the number of /-delimited prefix parts to drop from the request path via drop_src_path_prefix_parts option at url_map level or at user level or -auth.config.

For example, if you need serving requests to vmalert at /vmalert/ path prefix, while serving requests to vmagent at /vmagent/ path prefix, then the following -auth.config can be used:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:

    # proxy all the requests, which start with `/vmagent/`, to vmagent backend
  - src_paths:
    - "/vmagent/.+"

    # drop /vmagent/ path prefix from the original request before proxying it to url_prefix.
    drop_src_path_prefix_parts: 1
    url_prefix: "http://vmagent-backend:8429/"

    # proxy all the requests, which start with `/vmalert`, to vmalert backend
  - src_paths:
    - "/vmalert/.+"

    # drop /vmalert/ path prefix from the original request before proxying it to url_prefix.
    drop_src_path_prefix_parts: 1
    url_prefix: "http://vmalert-backend:8880/"

Authorization#

vmauth supports the following authorization mechanisms:

See also security docs, routing docs and load balancing docs.

Routing#

vmauth can proxy requests to different backends depending on the following parts of HTTP request:

See also authorization and load balancing.

Routing by path#

src_paths option can be specified inside url_map in order to route requests by path.

The following -auth.config routes requests to paths starting with /app1/ to http://app1-backend, while requests with paths starting with /app2 are routed to http://app2-backend, and the rest of requests are routed to http://some-backend/404-page.html:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/app1/.*"
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"
  - src_paths:
    - "/app2/.*"
    url_prefix: "http://app2-backend/"
  default_url: http://some-backend/404-page.html

src_paths accepts a list of regular expressions. The incoming request is routed to the given url_prefix if the whole requested path matches at least one src_paths entry.

See also how to drop request path prefix.

Routing by host#

src_hosts option can be specified inside url_map in order to route requests by host.

The following -auth.config routes requests to app1.my-host.com host to http://app1-backend, while routing requests to app2.my-host.com host to http://app2-backend, and the rest of requests are routed to http://some-backend/404-page.html:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_hosts:
    - "app1\\.my-host\\.com"
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"
  - src_hosts:
    - "app2\\.my-host\\.com"
    url_prefix: "http://app2-backend/"
  default_url: http://some-backend/404-page.html

src_hosts accepts a list of regular expressions. The incoming request is routed to the given url_prefix if the whole request host matches at least one src_hosts entry.

Routing by query arg#

src_query_args option can be specified inside url_map in order to route requests by the given query arg.

For example, the following -auth.config routes requests to http://app1-backend/ if db=foo query arg is present in the request, while routing requests with db query arg starting with bar to http://app2-backend, and the rest of requests are routed to http://some-backend/404-page.html:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_query_args: ["db=foo"]
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"
  - src_query_args: ["db=~bar.*"]
    url_prefix: "http://app2-backend/"
  default_url: http://some-backend/404-page.html

src_query_args accepts a list of strings in the format arg=value or arg=~regex. The arg=value format means exact matching of the whole arg query arg value to the given value. The arg=~regex format means regex matching of the whole arg query arg value to the given regex. If at least a single query arg in the request matches at least one src_query_args entry, then the request is routed to the given url_prefix.

Routing by header#

src_headers option can be specified inside url_map in order to route requests by the given HTTP request header.

For example, the following -auth.config routes requests to http://app1-backend if TenantID request header equals to 42, while routing requests to http://app2-backend if TenantID request header equals to 123:456, and the rest of requests are routed to http://some-backend/404-page.html:

unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_headers: ["TenantID: 42"]
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"
  - src_headers: ["TenantID: 123:456"]
    url_prefix: "http://app2-backend/"
  default_url: http://some-backend/404-page.html

If src_headers contains multiple entries, then it is enough to match only a single entry in order to route the request to the given url_prefix.

Routing by multiple parts#

Any subset of src_paths, src_hosts, src_query_args and src_headers options can be specified simultaneously in a single url_map entry. In this case the request is routed to the given url_prefix if the request matches all the provided configs simultaneously.

For example, the following -auth.config routes requests to http://app1-backend if all the conditions mentioned below are simultaneously met:

  • the request path starts with /app/
  • the requested hostname ends with .bar.baz
  • the request contains db=abc query arg
  • the TenantID request header equals to 42
unauthorized_user:
  url_map:
  - src_paths: ["/app/.*"]
    src_hosts: [".+\\.bar\\.baz"]
    src_query_args: ["db=abc"]
    src_headers: ["TenantID: 42"]
    url_prefix: "http://app1-backend/"

Load balancing#

Each url_prefix in the -auth.config can be specified in the following forms:

  • A single url. For example:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix: 'http://vminsert:8480/insert/0/prometheus/`
    

    In this case vmauth proxies requests to the specified url.

  • A list of urls. For example:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - 'http://vminsert-1:8480/insert/0/prometheus/'
      - 'http://vminsert-2:8480/insert/0/prometheus/'
      - 'http://vminsert-3:8480/insert/0/prometheus/'
    

    In this case vmauth spreads requests among the specified urls using least-loaded round-robin policy. This guarantees that incoming load is shared uniformly among the specified backends. See also discovering backend IPs.

    vmauth automatically detects temporarily unavailable backends and spreads incoming queries among the remaining available backends. This allows restarting the backends and performing maintenance tasks on the backends without the need to remove them from the url_prefix list.

    By default vmauth returns backend responses with all the http status codes to the client. It is possible to configure automatic retry of requests at other backends if the backend responds with status code specified in the -retryStatusCodes command-line flag. It is possible to customize the list of http response status codes to retry via retry_status_codes list at user and url_map level of -auth.config. For example, the following config re-tries requests on other backends if the current backend returns response with 500 or 502 HTTP status code:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - http://vmselect1:8481/
      - http://vmselect2:8481/
      - http://vmselect3:8481/
      retry_status_codes: [500, 502]
    

    By default vmauth uses least_loaded policy for spreading incoming requests among available backends. The policy can be changed to first_available via -loadBalancingPolicy command-line flag. In this case vmauth sends all the requests to the first specified backend while it is available. vmauth starts sending requests to the next specified backend when the first backend is temporarily unavailable. It is possible to customize the load balancing policy at the user and url_map level. For example, the following config specifies first_available load balancing policy for unauthorized requests:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - http://victoria-metrics-main:8428/
      - http://victoria-metrics-standby:8428/
      load_balancing_policy: first_available
    

Load balancing feature can be used in the following cases:

  • Balancing the load among multiple vmselect and/or vminsert nodes in VictoriaMetrics cluster. The following -auth.config can be used for spreading incoming requests among 3 vmselect nodes and re-trying failed requests or requests with 500 and 502 response status codes:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - http://vmselect1:8481/
      - http://vmselect2:8481/
      - http://vmselect3:8481/
      retry_status_codes: [500, 502]
    
  • Sending select queries to the closest availability zone (AZ), while falling back to other AZs with identical data if the closest AZ is unavailable. For example, the following -auth.config sends select queries to https://vmselect-az1/ and uses the https://vmselect-az2/ as a fallback when https://vmselect-az1/ is temporarily unavailable or cannot return full responses. See these docs for details about deny_partial_response query arg, which is added to requests before they are proxied to backends.

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - https://vmselect-az1/?deny_partial_response=1
      - https://vmselect-az2/?deny_partial_response=1
      retry_status_codes: [500, 502, 503]
      load_balancing_policy: first_available
    

Load balancing can be configured independently per each user entry and per each url_map entry. See auth config docs for more details.

See also discovering backend IPs, authorization and routing.

Discovering backend IPs#

By default vmauth spreads load among the listed backends at url_prefix as described in load balancing docs. Sometimes multiple backend instances can be hidden behind a single hostname. For example, vmselect-service hostname may point to a cluster of vmselect instances in VictoriaMetrics cluster setup. So the following config may fail spreading load among available vmselect instances, since vmauth will send all the requests to the same url, which may end up to a single backend instance:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix: http://vmselect-service/select/0/prometheus/

There are the following solutions for this issue:

  • To enumerate every vmselect hosname or IP in the url_prefix list:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix:
      - http://vmselect-1:8481/select/0/prometheus/
      - http://vmselect-2:8481/select/0/prometheus/
      - http://vmselect-3:8481/select/0/prometheus/
    

    This scheme works great, but it needs manual updating of the -auth.config every time vmselect services are restarted, downscaled or upscaled.

  • To set discover_backend_ips: true option, so vmauth automatically discovers IPs behind the given hostname and then spreads load among the discovered IPs:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix: http://vmselect-service:8481/select/0/prometheus/
      discover_backend_ips: true
    

    If the url_prefix contains hostname with srv+ prefix, then the hostname without srv+ prefix is automatically resolved via DNS SRV to the list of hostnames with TCP ports, and vmauth balances load among the discovered TCP addresses:

    unauthorized_user:
      url_prefix: "http://srv+vmselect/select/0/prometheus"
      discover_backend_ips: true
    

    This functionality is useful for balancing load among backend instances, which run on different TCP ports, since DNS SRV records contain TCP ports.

    The discover_backend_ips option can be specified at user and url_map level in the -auth.config. It can also be enabled globally via -discoverBackendIPs command-line flag.

See also load balancing docs.

SRV urls#

If url_prefix contains url with the hostname starting with srv+ prefix, then vmauth uses DNS SRV lookup for the hostname without the srv+ prefix and selects random TCP address (e.g. hostname plus TCP port) form the resolved results.

For example, if some-addr DNS SRV record contains some-host:12345 TCP address, then url_prefix: http://srv+some-addr/some/path is automatically resolved into url_prefix: http://some-host:12345/some/path. The DNS SRV resolution is performed every time new connection to the url_prefix backend is established.

See also discovering backend addressess.

Modifying HTTP headers#

vmauth supports the ability to set and remove HTTP request headers before sending the requests to backends. This is done via headers option. For example, the following -auth.config sets TenantID: foobar header to requests proxied to http://backend:1234/. It also overrides X-Forwarded-For request header with an empty value. This effectively removes the X-Forwarded-For header from requests proxied to http://backend:1234/:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix: "http://backend:1234/"
  headers:
  - "TenantID: foobar"
  - "X-Forwarded-For:"

vmauth also supports the ability to set and remove HTTP response headers before returning the response from the backend to client. This is done via response_headers option. For example, the following -auth.config sets Foo: bar response header and removes Server response header before returning the response to client:

unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix: "http://backend:1234/"
  response_headers:
  - "Foo: bar"
  - "Server:"

Config reload#

vmauth supports dynamic reload of -auth.config via the following ways:

  • By sending SIGHUP signal to vmauth process:
    kill -HUP `pidof vmauth`
    
  • By querying /-/reload endpoint. It is recommended protecting it with -reloadAuthKey. See security docs for details.
  • By passing the interval for config check to -configCheckInterval command-line flag.

Concurrency limiting#

vmauth may limit the number of concurrent requests according to the following command-line flags:

  • -maxConcurrentRequests limits the global number of concurrent requests vmauth can serve across all the configured users.
  • -maxConcurrentPerUserRequests limits the number of concurrent requests vmauth can serve per each configured user.

It is also possible to set individual limits on the number of concurrent requests per each user with the max_concurrent_requests option. For example, the following -auth.config limits the number of concurrent requests from the user foo to 10:

users:
- username: foo
  password: bar
  url_prefix: "http://some-backend/"
  max_concurrent_requests: 10

vmauth responds with 429 Too Many Requests HTTP error when the number of concurrent requests exceeds the configured limits.

The following metrics related to concurrency limits are exposed by vmauth:

  • vmauth_concurrent_requests_capacity - the global limit on the number of concurrent requests vmauth can serve. It is set via -maxConcurrentRequests command-line flag.
  • vmauth_concurrent_requests_current - the current number of concurrent requests vmauth processes.
  • vmauth_concurrent_requests_limit_reached_total - the number of requests rejected with 429 Too Many Requests error because of the global concurrency limit has been reached.
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_capacity{username="..."} - the limit on the number of concurrent requests for the given username.
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_current{username="..."} - the current number of concurrent requests for the given username.
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_limit_reached_total{username="..."} - the number of requests rejected with 429 Too Many Requests error because of the concurrency limit has been reached for the given username.
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_capacity - the limit on the number of concurrent requests for unauthorized users (if unauthorized_user section is used).
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_current - the current number of concurrent requests for unauthorized users (if unauthorized_user section is used).
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_limit_reached_total - the number of requests rejected with 429 Too Many Requests error because of the concurrency limit has been reached for unauthorized users (if unauthorized_user section is used).

Backend TLS setup#

By default vmauth uses system settings when performing requests to HTTPS backends specified via url_prefix option in the -auth.config. These settings can be overridden with the following command-line flags:

  • -backend.tlsInsecureSkipVerify allows skipping TLS verification when connecting to HTTPS backends. This global setting can be overridden at per-user level inside -auth.config via tls_insecure_skip_verify option. For example:

    - username: "foo"
      url_prefix: "https://localhost"
      tls_insecure_skip_verify: true
    
  • -backend.tlsCAFile allows specifying the path to TLS Root CA for verifying backend TLS certificates. This global setting can be overridden at per-user level inside -auth.config via tls_ca_file option. For example:

    - username: "foo"
      url_prefix: "https://localhost"
      tls_ca_file: "/path/to/tls/root/ca"
    
  • -backend.tlsCertFile and -backend.tlsKeyFile allows specifying client TLS certificate for passing in requests to HTTPS backends, so these certificate could be verified at the backend side (aka mTLS). This global setting can be overridden at per-user level inside -auth.config via tls_cert_file and tls_key_file options. For example:

    - username: "foo"
      url_prefix: "https://localhost"
      tls_cert_file: "/path/to/tls/cert"
      tls_key_file: "/path/to/tls/key"
    
  • -backend.tlsServerName allows specifying optional TLS ServerName for passing in requests to HTTPS backends. This global setting can be overridden at per-user level inside -auth.config via tls_server_name option. For example:

    - username: "foo"
      url_prefix: "https://localhost"
      tls_server_name: "foo.bar.com"
    

The -backend.tlsCAFile, -backend.tlsCertFile, -backend.tlsKeyFile, tls_ca_file, tls_cert_file and tls_key_file may point either to local file or to http / https url. The file is checked for modifications every second and is automatically re-read when it is updated.

IP filters#

Enterprise version of vmauth can be configured to allow / deny incoming requests via global and per-user IP filters.

For example, the following config allows requests to vmauth from 10.0.0.0/24 network and from 1.2.3.4 IP address, while denying requests from 10.0.0.42 IP address:

users:
# User configs here

ip_filters:
  allow_list:
  - 10.0.0.0/24
  - 1.2.3.4
  deny_list: [10.0.0.42]

The following config allows requests for the user foobar only from the IP 127.0.0.1:

users:
- username: "foobar"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428"
  ip_filters:
    allow_list: [127.0.0.1]

See config example of using IP filters here.

Reading auth tokens from other HTTP headers#

vmauth reads username, password and bearer_token config values from Authorization request header. It is possible to read these auth tokens from any other request header by specifying it via -httpAuthHeader command-line flag. For example, the following command instructs vmauth to read auth token from X-Amz-Firehose-Access-Key header:

./vmauth -httpAuthHeader='X-Amz-Firehose-Access-Key'

It is possible to read auth tokens from multiple headers. For example, the following command instructs vmauth to read auth token from both Authorization and X-Amz-Firehose-Access-Key headers:

./vmauth -httpAuthHeader='Authorization' -httpAuthHeader='X-Amz-Firehose-Access-Key'

See also authorization docs and security docs.

Auth config#

-auth.config is represented in the following yml format:

# Arbitrary number of usernames may be put here.
# It is possible to set multiple identical usernames with different passwords.
# Such usernames can be differentiated by `name` option.

users:
  # Requests with the 'Authorization: Bearer XXXX' and 'Authorization: Token XXXX'
  # header are proxied to http://localhost:8428 .
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://localhost:8428/api/v1/query
  # Requests with the Basic Auth username=XXXX are proxied to http://localhost:8428 as well.
- bearer_token: "XXXX"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428"

  # Requests with the 'Authorization: Foo XXXX' header are proxied to http://localhosT:8428 .
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://localhost:8428/api/v1/query
- auth_token: "Foo XXXX"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428"

  # Requests with the 'Authorization: Bearer YYY' header are proxied to http://localhost:8428 ,
  # The `X-Scope-OrgID: foobar` http header is added to every proxied request.
  # The `X-Server-Hostname` http header is removed from the proxied response.
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://localhost:8428/api/v1/query
- bearer_token: "YYY"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428"
  # extra headers to add to the request or remove from the request (if header value is empty)
  headers:
    - "X-Scope-OrgID: foobar"
  # extra headers to add to the response or remove from the response (if header value is empty)
  response_headers:
    - "X-Server-Hostname:" # empty value means the header will be removed from the response

  # All the requests to http://vmauth:8427 with the given Basic Auth (username:password)
  # are proxied to http://localhost:8428 .
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://localhost:8428/api/v1/query
  #
  # The given user can send maximum 10 concurrent requests according to the provided max_concurrent_requests.
  # Excess concurrent requests are rejected with 429 HTTP status code.
  # See also -maxConcurrentPerUserRequests and -maxConcurrentRequests command-line flags.
- username: "local-single-node"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428"
  max_concurrent_requests: 10

  # All the requests to http://vmauth:8427 with the given Basic Auth (username:password)
  # are proxied to http://localhost:8428 with extra_label=team=dev query arg.
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://localhost:8428/api/v1/query?extra_label=team=dev
- username: "local-single-node2"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix: "http://localhost:8428?extra_label=team=dev"

  # All the requests to http://vmauth:8427 with the given Basic Auth (username:password)
  # are proxied to https://localhost:8428.
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to https://localhost/api/v1/query
  # TLS verification is skipped for https://localhost.
- username: "local-single-node-with-tls"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix: "https://localhost"
  tls_insecure_skip_verify: true

  # All the requests to http://vmauth:8427 with the given Basic Auth (username:password)
  # are load-balanced among http://vmselect1:8481/select/123/prometheus and http://vmselect2:8481/select/123/prometheus
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to the following urls in a round-robin manner:
  #   - http://vmselect1:8481/select/123/prometheus/api/v1/select
  #   - http://vmselect2:8481/select/123/prometheus/api/v1/select
- username: "cluster-select-account-123"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix:
  - "http://vmselect1:8481/select/123/prometheus"
  - "http://vmselect2:8481/select/123/prometheus"

  # All the requests to http://vmauth:8427 with the given Basic Auth (username:password)
  # are load-balanced between http://vminsert1:8480/insert/42/prometheus and http://vminsert2:8480/insert/42/prometheus
  # For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/write is proxied to the following urls in a round-robin manner:
  #   - http://vminsert1:8480/insert/42/prometheus/api/v1/write
  #   - http://vminsert2:8480/insert/42/prometheus/api/v1/write
- username: "cluster-insert-account-42"
  password: "***"
  url_prefix:
  - "http://vminsert1:8480/insert/42/prometheus"
  - "http://vminsert2:8480/insert/42/prometheus"

  # A single user for querying and inserting data:
  #
  # - Requests to http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query_range
  #   and http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/label/<label_name>/values are proxied to the following urls in a round-robin manner:
  #     - http://vmselect1:8481/select/42/prometheus
  #     - http://vmselect2:8481/select/42/prometheus
  #   For example, http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/query is proxied to http://vmselect1:8480/select/42/prometheus/api/v1/query
  #   or to http://vmselect2:8480/select/42/prometheus/api/v1/query .
  #   Requests are re-tried at other url_prefix backends if response status codes match 500 or 502.
  #
  # - Requests to http://vmauth:8427/api/v1/write are proxied to http://vminsert:8480/insert/42/prometheus/api/v1/write .
  #   The "X-Scope-OrgID: abc" http header is added to these requests.
  #   The "X-Server-Hostname" http header is removed from the proxied response.
  #
  # Request which do not match `src_paths` from the `url_map` are proxied to the urls from `default_url`
  # in a round-robin manner. The original request path is passed in `request_path` query arg.
  # For example, request to http://vmauth:8427/non/existing/path are proxied:
  #  - to http://default1:8888/unsupported_url_handler?request_path=/non/existing/path
  #  - or http://default2:8888/unsupported_url_handler?request_path=/non/existing/path
  #
  # Regular expressions are allowed in `src_paths` and `src_hosts` entries.
- username: "foobar"
  url_map:
  - src_paths:
    - "/api/v1/query"
    - "/api/v1/query_range"
    - "/api/v1/label/[^/]+/values"
    url_prefix:
    - "http://vmselect1:8481/select/42/prometheus"
    - "http://vmselect2:8481/select/42/prometheus"
    retry_status_codes: [500, 502]
  - src_paths: ["/api/v1/write"]
    url_prefix: "http://vminsert:8480/insert/42/prometheus"
    headers:
    - "X-Scope-OrgID: abc"
    response_headers:
    - "X-Server-Hostname:" # empty value means the header will be removed from the response
    ip_filters:
      deny_list: [127.0.0.1]
  default_url:
  - "http://default1:8888/unsupported_url_handler"
  - "http://default2:8888/unsupported_url_handler"

# Requests without Authorization header are proxied according to `unauthorized_user` section.
# Requests are proxied in round-robin fashion between `url_prefix` backends.
# The deny_partial_response query arg is added to all the proxied requests.
# The requests are re-tried if url_prefix backends send 500 or 503 response status codes.
# Note that the unauthorized_user section takes precedence when processing a route without credentials,
# even if such a route also exists in the users section (see https://github.com/VictoriaMetrics/VictoriaMetrics/issues/5236).
unauthorized_user:
  url_prefix:
  - http://vmselect-az1/?deny_partial_response=1
  - http://vmselect-az2/?deny_partial_response=1
  retry_status_codes: [503, 500]

ip_filters:
  allow_list: ["1.2.3.0/24", "127.0.0.1"]
  deny_list:
  - 10.1.0.1

The config may contain %{ENV_VAR} placeholders, which are substituted by the corresponding ENV_VAR environment variable values. This may be useful for passing secrets to the config.

mTLS protection#

By default vmauth accepts http requests at 8427 port (this port can be changed via -httpListenAddr command-line flags). Enterprise version of vmauth supports the ability to accept mTLS requests at this port, by specifying -tls and -mtls command-line flags. For example, the following command runs vmauth, which accepts only mTLS requests at port 8427:

./vmauth -tls -mtls -auth.config=...

By default system-wide TLS Root CA is used for verifying client certificates if -mtls command-line flag is specified. It is possible to specify custom TLS Root CA via -mtlsCAFile command-line flag.

See also automatic issuing of TLS certificates and mTLS-based request routing.

Security#

It is expected that all the backend services protected by vmauth are located in an isolated private network, so they can be accessed by external users only via vmauth.

Do not transfer auth headers in plaintext over untrusted networks. Enable https at -httpListenAddr. This can be done by passing the following -tls* command-line flags to vmauth:

  -tls
     Whether to enable TLS for incoming HTTP requests at -httpListenAddr (aka https). -tlsCertFile and -tlsKeyFile must be set if -tls is set
  -tlsCertFile string
     Path to file with TLS certificate. Used only if -tls is set. Prefer ECDSA certs instead of RSA certs, since RSA certs are slow
  -tlsKeyFile string
     Path to file with TLS key. Used only if -tls is set

See also automatic issuing of TLS certificates.

See these docs on how to enable mTLS protection at vmauth.

Alternatively, TLS termination proxy may be put in front of vmauth.

It is recommended protecting the following endpoints with authKeys:

  • /-/reload with -reloadAuthKey command-line flag, so external users couldn’t trigger config reload.
  • /flags with -flagsAuthKey command-line flag, so unauthorized users couldn’t get command-line flag values.
  • /metrics with -metricsAuthKey command-line flag, so unauthorized users couldn’t access vmauth metrics.
  • /debug/pprof with -pprofAuthKey command-line flag, so unauthorized users couldn’t access profiling information.

vmauth also supports the ability to restrict access by IP - see these docs. See also concurrency limiting docs.

Automatic issuing of TLS certificates#

vmauth Enterprise supports automatic issuing of TLS certificates via Let’s Encrypt service. The following command-line flags must be set in order to enable automatic issuing of TLS certificates:

  • -httpListenAddr must be set for listening TCP port 443. For example, -httpListenAddr=:443. This port must be accessible by the Let’s Encrypt service.
  • -tls must be set in order to accept HTTPS requests at -httpListenAddr. Note that -tlcCertFile and -tlsKeyFile aren’t needed when automatic TLS certificate issuing is enabled.
  • -tlsAutocertHosts must be set to comma-separated list of hosts, which can be reached via -httpListenAddr. TLS certificates are automatically issued for these hosts.
  • -tlsAutocertEmail must be set to contact email for the issued TLS certificates.
  • -tlsAutocertCacheDir may be set to the directory path for persisting the issued TLS certificates between vmauth restarts. If this flag isn’t set, then TLS certificates are re-issued on every restart.

This functionality can be evaluated for free according to these docs.

See also security recommendations.

Monitoring#

vmauth exports various metrics in Prometheus exposition format at http://vmauth-host:8427/metrics page. It is recommended setting up regular scraping of this page either via vmagent or via Prometheus-compatible scraper, so the exported metrics could be analyzed later.

If you use Google Cloud Managed Prometheus for scraping metrics from VictoriaMetrics components, then pass -metrics.exposeMetadata command-line to them, so they add TYPE and HELP comments per each exposed metric at /metrics page. See these docs for details.

vmauth exports the following metrics per each defined user in -auth.config:

  • vmauth_user_requests_total counter - the number of requests served for the given username
  • vmauth_user_request_backend_errors_total counter - the number of request errors for the given username
  • vmauth_user_request_duration_seconds summary - the duration of requests for the given username
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_limit_reached_total counter - the number of failed requests for the given username because of exceeded concurrency limits
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_capacity gauge - the maximum number of concurrent requests for the given username
  • vmauth_user_concurrent_requests_current gauge - the current number of concurrent requests for the given username

By default, per-user metrics contain only username label. This label is set to username field value at the corresponding user section in the -auth.config file. It is possible to override the username label value by specifying name field additionally to username field. For example, the following config will result in vmauth_user_requests_total{username="foobar"} instead of vmauth_user_requests_total{username="secret_user"}:

users:
- username: "secret_user"
  name: "foobar"
  # other config options here

Additional labels for per-user metrics can be specified via metric_labels section. For example, the following config defines {dc="eu",team="dev"} labels additionally to username="foobar" label:

users:
- username: "foobar"
  metric_labels:
   dc: eu
   team: dev
  # other config options here

vmauth exports the following metrics if unauthorized_user section is defined in -auth.config:

  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_requests_total counter - the number of unauthorized requests served
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_request_backend_errors_total counter - the number of unauthorized request errors
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_request_duration_seconds summary - the duration of unauthorized requests
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_limit_reached_total counter - the number of failed unauthorized requests because of exceeded concurrency limits
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_capacity gauge - the maximum number of concurrent unauthorized requests
  • vmauth_unauthorized_user_concurrent_requests_current gauge - the current number of concurrent unauthorized requests

How to build from sources#

It is recommended using binary releases - vmauth is located in vmutils-* archives there.

Development build#

  1. Install Go. The minimum supported version is Go 1.22.
  2. Run make vmauth from the root folder of the repository. It builds vmauth binary and puts it into the bin folder.

Production build#

  1. Install docker.
  2. Run make vmauth-prod from the root folder of the repository. It builds vmauth-prod binary and puts it into the bin folder.

Building docker images#

Run make package-vmauth. It builds victoriametrics/vmauth:<PKG_TAG> docker image locally. <PKG_TAG> is auto-generated image tag, which depends on source code in the repository. The <PKG_TAG> may be manually set via PKG_TAG=foobar make package-vmauth.

The base docker image is alpine but it is possible to use any other base image by setting it via <ROOT_IMAGE> environment variable. For example, the following command builds the image on top of scratch image:

ROOT_IMAGE=scratch make package-vmauth

Profiling#

vmauth provides handlers for collecting the following Go profiles:

  • Memory profile. It can be collected with the following command (replace 0.0.0.0 with hostname if needed):
curl http://0.0.0.0:8427/debug/pprof/heap > mem.pprof
  • CPU profile. It can be collected with the following command (replace 0.0.0.0 with hostname if needed):
curl http://0.0.0.0:8427/debug/pprof/profile > cpu.pprof

The command for collecting CPU profile waits for 30 seconds before returning.

The collected profiles may be analyzed with go tool pprof. It is safe sharing the collected profiles from security point of view, since they do not contain sensitive information.

Advanced usage#

Pass -help command-line arg to vmauth in order to see all the configuration options:

./vmauth -help

vmauth authenticates and authorizes incoming requests and proxies them to VictoriaMetrics.

See the docs at https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/ .

  -auth.config string
     Path to auth config. It can point either to local file or to http url. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/ for details on the format of this auth config
  -backend.TLSCAFile string
     Optional path to TLS root CA file, which is used for TLS verification when connecting to backends over HTTPS. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#backend-tls-setup
  -backend.TLSCertFile string
     Optional path to TLS client certificate file, which must be sent to HTTPS backend. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#backend-tls-setup
  -backend.TLSKeyFile string
     Optional path to TLS client key file, which must be sent to HTTPS backend. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#backend-tls-setup
  -backend.TLSServerName string
     Optional TLS ServerName, which must be sent to HTTPS backend. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#backend-tls-setup
  -backend.tlsInsecureSkipVerify
     Whether to skip TLS verification when connecting to backends over HTTPS. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#backend-tls-setup
  -configCheckInterval duration
     interval for config file re-read. Zero value disables config re-reading. By default, refreshing is disabled, send SIGHUP for config refresh.
  -discoverBackendIPs
     Whether to discover backend IPs via periodic DNS queries to hostnames specified in url_prefix. This may be useful when url_prefix points to a hostname with dynamically scaled instances behind it. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#discovering-backend-ips
  -discoverBackendIPsInterval duration
     The interval for re-discovering backend IPs if -discoverBackendIPs command-line flag is set. Too low value may lead to DNS errors (default 10s)
  -enableTCP6
     Whether to enable IPv6 for listening and dialing. By default, only IPv4 TCP and UDP are used
  -envflag.enable
     Whether to enable reading flags from environment variables in addition to the command line. Command line flag values have priority over values from environment vars. Flags are read only from the command line if this flag isn't set. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/#environment-variables for more details
  -envflag.prefix string
     Prefix for environment variables if -envflag.enable is set
  -eula
     Deprecated, please use -license or -licenseFile flags instead. By specifying this flag, you confirm that you have an enterprise license and accept the ESA https://victoriametrics.com/legal/esa/ . This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
  -failTimeout duration
     Sets a delay period for load balancing to skip a malfunctioning backend (default 3s)
  -filestream.disableFadvise
     Whether to disable fadvise() syscall when reading large data files. The fadvise() syscall prevents from eviction of recently accessed data from OS page cache during background merges and backups. In some rare cases it is better to disable the syscall if it uses too much CPU
  -flagsAuthKey value
     Auth key for /flags endpoint. It must be passed via authKey query arg. It overrides httpAuth.* settings
     Flag value can be read from the given file when using -flagsAuthKey=file:///abs/path/to/file or -flagsAuthKey=file://./relative/path/to/file . Flag value can be read from the given http/https url when using -flagsAuthKey=http://host/path or -flagsAuthKey=https://host/path
  -fs.disableMmap
     Whether to use pread() instead of mmap() for reading data files. By default, mmap() is used for 64-bit arches and pread() is used for 32-bit arches, since they cannot read data files bigger than 2^32 bytes in memory. mmap() is usually faster for reading small data chunks than pread()
  -http.connTimeout duration
     Incoming connections to -httpListenAddr are closed after the configured timeout. This may help evenly spreading load among a cluster of services behind TCP-level load balancer. Zero value disables closing of incoming connections (default 2m0s)
  -http.disableResponseCompression
     Disable compression of HTTP responses to save CPU resources. By default, compression is enabled to save network bandwidth
  -http.header.csp string
     Value for 'Content-Security-Policy' header, recommended: "default-src 'self'"
  -http.header.frameOptions string
     Value for 'X-Frame-Options' header
  -http.header.hsts string
     Value for 'Strict-Transport-Security' header, recommended: 'max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains'
  -http.idleConnTimeout duration
     Timeout for incoming idle http connections (default 1m0s)
  -http.maxGracefulShutdownDuration duration
     The maximum duration for a graceful shutdown of the HTTP server. A highly loaded server may require increased value for a graceful shutdown (default 7s)
  -http.pathPrefix string
     An optional prefix to add to all the paths handled by http server. For example, if '-http.pathPrefix=/foo/bar' is set, then all the http requests will be handled on '/foo/bar/*' paths. This may be useful for proxied requests. See https://www.robustperception.io/using-external-urls-and-proxies-with-prometheus
  -http.shutdownDelay duration
     Optional delay before http server shutdown. During this delay, the server returns non-OK responses from /health page, so load balancers can route new requests to other servers
  -httpAuth.password value
     Password for HTTP server's Basic Auth. The authentication is disabled if -httpAuth.username is empty
     Flag value can be read from the given file when using -httpAuth.password=file:///abs/path/to/file or -httpAuth.password=file://./relative/path/to/file . Flag value can be read from the given http/https url when using -httpAuth.password=http://host/path or -httpAuth.password=https://host/path
  -httpAuth.username string
     Username for HTTP server's Basic Auth. The authentication is disabled if empty. See also -httpAuth.password
  -httpAuthHeader array
     HTTP request header to use for obtaining authorization tokens. By default auth tokens are read from Authorization request header
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -httpListenAddr array
     TCP address to listen for incoming http requests. See also -tls and -httpListenAddr.useProxyProtocol
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -httpListenAddr.useProxyProtocol array
     Whether to use proxy protocol for connections accepted at the corresponding -httpListenAddr . See https://www.haproxy.org/download/1.8/doc/proxy-protocol.txt . With enabled proxy protocol http server cannot serve regular /metrics endpoint. Use -pushmetrics.url for metrics pushing
     Supports array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Empty values are set to false.
  -idleConnTimeout duration
    Defines a duration for idle (keep-alive connections) to exist. Consider setting this value less than "-http.idleConnTimeout". It must prevent possible "write: broken pipe" and "read: connection reset by peer" errors. (default 50s)
  -internStringCacheExpireDuration duration
     The expiry duration for caches for interned strings. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_interning . See also -internStringMaxLen and -internStringDisableCache (default 6m0s)
  -internStringDisableCache
     Whether to disable caches for interned strings. This may reduce memory usage at the cost of higher CPU usage. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_interning . See also -internStringCacheExpireDuration and -internStringMaxLen
  -internStringMaxLen int
     The maximum length for strings to intern. A lower limit may save memory at the cost of higher CPU usage. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_interning . See also -internStringDisableCache and -internStringCacheExpireDuration (default 500)
  -license string
     License key for VictoriaMetrics Enterprise. See https://victoriametrics.com/products/enterprise/ . Trial Enterprise license can be obtained from https://victoriametrics.com/products/enterprise/trial/ . This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. The license key can be also passed via file specified by -licenseFile command-line flag
  -license.forceOffline
     Whether to enable offline verification for VictoriaMetrics Enterprise license key, which has been passed either via -license or via -licenseFile command-line flag. The issued license key must support offline verification feature. Contact info@victoriametrics.com if you need offline license verification. This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries
  -licenseFile string
     Path to file with license key for VictoriaMetrics Enterprise. See https://victoriametrics.com/products/enterprise/ . Trial Enterprise license can be obtained from https://victoriametrics.com/products/enterprise/trial/ . This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. The license key can be also passed inline via -license command-line flag
  -loadBalancingPolicy string
     The default load balancing policy to use for backend urls specified inside url_prefix section. Supported policies: least_loaded, first_available. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#load-balancing (default "least_loaded")
  -logInvalidAuthTokens
     Whether to log requests with invalid auth tokens. Such requests are always counted at vmauth_http_request_errors_total{reason="invalid_auth_token"} metric, which is exposed at /metrics page
  -loggerDisableTimestamps
     Whether to disable writing timestamps in logs
  -loggerErrorsPerSecondLimit int
     Per-second limit on the number of ERROR messages. If more than the given number of errors are emitted per second, the remaining errors are suppressed. Zero values disable the rate limit
  -loggerFormat string
     Format for logs. Possible values: default, json (default "default")
  -loggerJSONFields string
     Allows renaming fields in JSON formatted logs. Example: "ts:timestamp,msg:message" renames "ts" to "timestamp" and "msg" to "message". Supported fields: ts, level, caller, msg
  -loggerLevel string
     Minimum level of errors to log. Possible values: INFO, WARN, ERROR, FATAL, PANIC (default "INFO")
  -loggerMaxArgLen int
     The maximum length of a single logged argument. Longer arguments are replaced with 'arg_start..arg_end', where 'arg_start' and 'arg_end' is prefix and suffix of the arg with the length not exceeding -loggerMaxArgLen / 2 (default 1000)
  -loggerOutput string
     Output for the logs. Supported values: stderr, stdout (default "stderr")
  -loggerTimezone string
     Timezone to use for timestamps in logs. Timezone must be a valid IANA Time Zone. For example: America/New_York, Europe/Berlin, Etc/GMT+3 or Local (default "UTC")
  -loggerWarnsPerSecondLimit int
     Per-second limit on the number of WARN messages. If more than the given number of warns are emitted per second, then the remaining warns are suppressed. Zero values disable the rate limit
  -maxConcurrentPerUserRequests int
     The maximum number of concurrent requests vmauth can process per each configured user. Other requests are rejected with '429 Too Many Requests' http status code. See also -maxConcurrentRequests command-line option and max_concurrent_requests option in per-user config (default 300)
  -maxConcurrentRequests int
     The maximum number of concurrent requests vmauth can process. Other requests are rejected with '429 Too Many Requests' http status code. See also -maxConcurrentPerUserRequests and -maxIdleConnsPerBackend command-line options (default 1000)
  -maxIdleConnsPerBackend int
     The maximum number of idle connections vmauth can open per each backend host. See also -maxConcurrentRequests (default 100)
  -maxRequestBodySizeToRetry size
     The maximum request body size, which can be cached and re-tried at other backends. Bigger values may require more memory
     Supports the following optional suffixes for size values: KB, MB, GB, TB, KiB, MiB, GiB, TiB (default 16384)
  -memory.allowedBytes size
     Allowed size of system memory VictoriaMetrics caches may occupy. This option overrides -memory.allowedPercent if set to a non-zero value. Too low a value may increase the cache miss rate usually resulting in higher CPU and disk IO usage. Too high a value may evict too much data from the OS page cache resulting in higher disk IO usage
     Supports the following optional suffixes for size values: KB, MB, GB, TB, KiB, MiB, GiB, TiB (default 0)
  -memory.allowedPercent float
     Allowed percent of system memory VictoriaMetrics caches may occupy. See also -memory.allowedBytes. Too low a value may increase cache miss rate usually resulting in higher CPU and disk IO usage. Too high a value may evict too much data from the OS page cache which will result in higher disk IO usage (default 60)
  -metrics.exposeMetadata
     Whether to expose TYPE and HELP metadata at the /metrics page, which is exposed at -httpListenAddr . The metadata may be needed when the /metrics page is consumed by systems, which require this information. For example, Managed Prometheus in Google Cloud - https://cloud.google.com/stackdriver/docs/managed-prometheus/troubleshooting#missing-metric-type
  -metricsAuthKey value
     Auth key for /metrics endpoint. It must be passed via authKey query arg. It overrides httpAuth.* settings
     Flag value can be read from the given file when using -metricsAuthKey=file:///abs/path/to/file or -metricsAuthKey=file://./relative/path/to/file . Flag value can be read from the given http/https url when using -metricsAuthKey=http://host/path or -metricsAuthKey=https://host/path
  -mtls array
     Whether to require valid client certificate for https requests to the corresponding -httpListenAddr . This flag works only if -tls flag is set. See also -mtlsCAFile . This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
     Supports array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Empty values are set to false.
  -mtlsCAFile array
     Optional path to TLS Root CA for verifying client certificates at the corresponding -httpListenAddr when -mtls is enabled. By default the host system TLS Root CA is used for client certificate verification. This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -pprofAuthKey value
     Auth key for /debug/pprof/* endpoints. It must be passed via authKey query arg. It overrides httpAuth.* settings
     Flag value can be read from the given file when using -pprofAuthKey=file:///abs/path/to/file or -pprofAuthKey=file://./relative/path/to/file . Flag value can be read from the given http/https url when using -pprofAuthKey=http://host/path or -pprofAuthKey=https://host/path
  -pushmetrics.disableCompression
     Whether to disable request body compression when pushing metrics to every -pushmetrics.url
  -pushmetrics.extraLabel array
     Optional labels to add to metrics pushed to every -pushmetrics.url . For example, -pushmetrics.extraLabel='instance="foo"' adds instance="foo" label to all the metrics pushed to every -pushmetrics.url
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -pushmetrics.header array
     Optional HTTP request header to send to every -pushmetrics.url . For example, -pushmetrics.header='Authorization: Basic foobar' adds 'Authorization: Basic foobar' header to every request to every -pushmetrics.url
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -pushmetrics.interval duration
     Interval for pushing metrics to every -pushmetrics.url (default 10s)
  -pushmetrics.url array
     Optional URL to push metrics exposed at /metrics page. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/#push-metrics . By default, metrics exposed at /metrics page aren't pushed to any remote storage
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -reloadAuthKey value
     Auth key for /-/reload http endpoint. It must be passed via authKey query arg. It overrides httpAuth.* settings.
     Flag value can be read from the given file when using -reloadAuthKey=file:///abs/path/to/file or -reloadAuthKey=file://./relative/path/to/file . Flag value can be read from the given http/https url when using -reloadAuthKey=http://host/path or -reloadAuthKey=https://host/path
  -responseTimeout duration
     The timeout for receiving a response from backend (default 5m0s)
  -retryStatusCodes array
     Comma-separated list of default HTTP response status codes when vmauth re-tries the request on other backends. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/vmauth/#load-balancing for details (default 0)
     Supports array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Empty values are set to default value.
  -tls array
     Whether to enable TLS for incoming HTTP requests at the given -httpListenAddr (aka https). -tlsCertFile and -tlsKeyFile must be set if -tls is set. See also -mtls
     Supports array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Empty values are set to false.
  -tlsAutocertCacheDir string
     Directory to store TLS certificates issued via Let's Encrypt. Certificates are lost on restarts if this flag isn't set. This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
  -tlsAutocertEmail string
     Contact email for the issued Let's Encrypt TLS certificates. See also -tlsAutocertHosts and -tlsAutocertCacheDir .This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
  -tlsAutocertHosts array
     Optional hostnames for automatic issuing of Let's Encrypt TLS certificates. These hostnames must be reachable at -httpListenAddr . The -httpListenAddr must listen tcp port 443 . The -tlsAutocertHosts overrides -tlsCertFile and -tlsKeyFile . See also -tlsAutocertEmail and -tlsAutocertCacheDir . This flag is available only in Enterprise binaries. See https://docs.victoriametrics.com/enterprise/
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -tlsCertFile array
     Path to file with TLS certificate for the corresponding -httpListenAddr if -tls is set. Prefer ECDSA certs instead of RSA certs as RSA certs are slower. The provided certificate file is automatically re-read every second, so it can be dynamically updated. See also -tlsAutocertHosts
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -tlsCipherSuites array
     Optional list of TLS cipher suites for incoming requests over HTTPS if -tls is set. See the list of supported cipher suites at https://pkg.go.dev/crypto/tls#pkg-constants
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -tlsKeyFile array
     Path to file with TLS key for the corresponding -httpListenAddr if -tls is set. The provided key file is automatically re-read every second, so it can be dynamically updated. See also -tlsAutocertHosts
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -tlsMinVersion array
     Optional minimum TLS version to use for the corresponding -httpListenAddr if -tls is set. Supported values: TLS10, TLS11, TLS12, TLS13
     Supports an array of values separated by comma or specified via multiple flags.
     Value can contain comma inside single-quoted or double-quoted string, {}, [] and () braces.
  -version
     Show VictoriaMetrics version